Urban Farming in Cuba

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An "organoponico" in the centre of Havana. They are the result of the collapse of the Soviet Bloc in 1989-1990 which deprived Cuba of its main source of agrochemicals. These included the fertilisers for the hydroponic units which were the market gardens of the city. The conversion of the hydroponic units was one element of the almost complete adoption of the methods of organic agriculture which was implemented in the mid 1990s. Thousands of new urban individual farmers called Parceleros and farmer cooperatives were developed with the support of the Cuban Ministry of Agriculture (MINAGRI) making Cuba the only country in the world that has developed an extensive state-supported infrastructure to support urban food production. All garden crops such as beans, tomatoes, bananas, lettuce, okra, eggplant, and taro are grown intensively within the city using only organic farming methods since these are the only methods permitted in the urban parts of Havana..Photo: Eduardo Martino - between 21.05 and 05.06.2007